In Georgia, misdemeanors are crimes that are punishable by a sentence of one year or less in county jail depending unpon the nature of the crime.
Judges have the power to impose but suspend a misdemeanor sentence (allow the defendant to not serve some or all of the sentence), or impose a sentence and give the defendant a chance to complete probation (formal supervision) instead of going to jail.
Both suspended sentences and probation are conditioned on the defendant following the conditions or restrictions the judge has imposed.
A judge may also permit a defendant who is sentenced to a term of six months or less to serve the term on weekends or during the defendant’s non-working hours.
(Ga. Code Ann. § 17-10-3.)